Women in Ancient Rome: A Sourcebook (Bloomsbury Sources in Ancient History)
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This sourcebook includes a rich and accessible selection of Roman original sources in translation ranging from the Regal Period through Republican and Imperial Rome to the late Empire and the coming of Christianity. From Roman goddesses to mortal women, imperial women to slaves and prostitutes, the volume brings new perspectives to the study of Roman women's lives. Literary sources comprise works by Livy, Catullus, Ovid, Juvenal and many others. Suggestions for further reading, a general bibliography, and an index of ancient authors and works are also included.
like manner, she must not have been liberated from her father’s control, even if her father is still living and she is under the control of her grandfather. Similarly, neither one or both her parents could be in service as slaves or engaged in lower-class occupations.” (1.12.1–5) A father’s control (the patria potestas) was obligatory for children unless the father had died or lost his civic rights or had voluntarily released them from his control. Once her credentials had been established and
executions.) The consul then called an open meeting of the people, and began with a prayer to the gods who were officially accepted by the city; these he distinguished from those “foreign” deities worshiped with lust-filled rites. “On no occasion of an open meeting has this traditional prayer to the gods been not only more appropriate but also so necessary, a prayer that would remind you that these are the gods that your forefathers appointed to be worshipped and venerated and to receive your
their husbands of the affair. The next morning the story spread through the city, how Clodius had committed a sacrilege and not only owed compensation to those he had outraged but also to the city and to the gods. As a result, one of the tribunes indicted Clodius for impiety, and the most powerful men in the Senate gave the tribune their backing. They provided evidence of other egregiously wanton behaviour of his, even incest with his sister, whose husband was Lucullus. But in the face of these
that they were being outmanoeuvred by Octavian, Cleopatra fled, followed by Antony in a small boat pursuing her and abandoning his forces (66.8). (Plutarch, “Antony”) In the Aeneid, the great epic poem composed by Vergil between 29 and 19 bce that celebrated the achievements of Octavian/Augustus, the poet describes the defeat of the pair and Cleopatra’s escape, a futuristic scene depicted on the shield that had been forged by the Cyclops for the Trojan hero Aeneas as he prepared for battle in
with ease.” (1.11.2–3) (Livy, History of Rome) TARPEIA A certain amount of amicable trust was achieved in the region, with Roman settlers moving into neighbouring territory and a number of the relatives of the captured women moving to Rome. A significant body of the Sabines remained hostile, however, and under King Tatius they mounted a carefully planned attack on the city of Romulus. A Roman girl named Tarpeia, the daughter of the commander of the Roman garrison, was tricked by the Sabine king