The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 (Studies in European History)

The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 (Studies in European History)

Robert Service

Language: English

Pages: 116

ISBN: B01N2GDA07

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


This popular, concise and highly readable study discusses the key themes and debates about the Russian Revolution. Robert Service's lively analysis examines:
• state and society under the Romanovs from 1900
• the February and October Revolutions of 1917
• the final years of the Romanov dynasty and the start of the Soviet order
• comparisons with political, social and economic trends elsewhere in the world
• the extent to which the later development of the USSR was conditioned by the October Revolution.

Clear and incisive, the fourth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated in the light of the latest research and features a new scene-setting Introduction and maps. Service's text remains the essential starting point for anyone studying this tumultuous period in the history of Russia and the world in the twentieth century.

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before 1917, they retained their robustness subsequently. The desire for a deprivatised, moneyless, centrally-controlled economy was strongly felt. Even Lenin, who had proposed a more cautious pace of change in industry and agriculture in the October Revolution, caught the excitement. And yet the economics of 'War Communism', as the period came to be dubbed, were not especially successful. Factory output in 1920 was a seventh of the total in 1913, and governmental procurement of grain in 1919 was

can the Bolshevik policies of the 1920s be perceived as being aimed at political pluralism and cultural diversity. Not even Bukharin sought ideological compromise or nonauthoritarian forms of practical political life. Consciously or not, the reformers were metamorphosing the historical Bukharin into the St Peter of the Revolution. The year 1917 was less intensively studied than the NEP period; but everyone perceived its crucial significance to the present-day regime's legitimacy. Gorbachev's

Committee meetings and on Lenin's last illness were dug out of the archives. Further revelations were promised. Increasingly the older Soviet accounts were criticised for their determinism. Stress was laid on politics and economics as involving realistic alternatives and human choice (184:1). Even the agrarian transformation attempted under Nikolai II, when prime minister Petr Stolypin tried to foster a class of yeoman farmers and to increase local representative government, enjoyed a vogue. Some

staatlicher Lenkung der Landwirtschaft in der Sowjetunion 1925-1928 (Munich-Vienna, 1981). 78 S. Milligan, 'The Petrograd Bolsheviks and Social Insurance, 1914-1917', Soviet Studies (1968-9), no. 3. 79 I. I. Mints, Istoriya velikogo Oktyabrya, vol. 1, Sverzhenie samoderzhaviya (Moscow, 1967). 80 W. Mosse, 'Revolution in Saratov (October-November 1917)', Slavonic and East European Review (October 1981). 81 R. Munting, 'A Note on Gentry Landownership in European Russia', New Zealand Slavonic

staatlicher Lenkung der Landwirtschaft in der Sowjetunion 1925-1928 (Munich-Vienna, 1981). 78 S. Milligan, 'The Petrograd Bolsheviks and Social Insurance, 1914-1917', Soviet Studies (1968-9), no. 3. 79 I. I. Mints, Istoriya velikogo Oktyabrya, vol. 1, Sverzhenie samoderzhaviya (Moscow, 1967). 80 W. Mosse, 'Revolution in Saratov (October-November 1917)', Slavonic and East European Review (October 1981). 81 R. Munting, 'A Note on Gentry Landownership in European Russia', New Zealand Slavonic

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