Stoicism (Ancient Philosophies)

Stoicism (Ancient Philosophies)

John Sellars

Language: English

Pages: 219

ISBN: 0520249089

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


One of the most popular of the Hellenistic schools of philosophy in antiquity, Stoicism flourished for some five hundred years and has remained a constant presence throughout the history of Western philosophy. Its doctrines appealed to people from all strata of ancient society-from the slave Epictetus to the emperor Marcus Aurelius. This book provides a lucid, comprehensive introduction to this great philosophical school. It gives an overview of the history of the school, covers its philosophy as a system, and explores the three main branches of Stoic theory. John Sellars includes historical information on the life and works of the ancient Stoic philosophers and summaries, analyses, and appraisals of their principal doctrines in logic, physics, and ethics. He also includes a fascinating account of the Stoic legacy from later antiquity to the present. The volume includes a glossary and chronology, which, together with its accessible yet authoritative approach, makes it the ideal choice for students, scholars, and general readers interested in what Stoicism has meant, both philosophically and historically, for western civilization.

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and some have suggested that these two concepts share something in common (see Brooke 2004: 94). However, unlike Descartes’ clear and distinct ideas, the Stoic adequate impressions are instances of empirical cognition rather than a priori cognition. But how might one understand an empirical impression that can guarantee its own accuracy? It has been suggested that this should be understood in terms of the impression’s causal history – in other words, with reference to the physical condition of

value judgement. As we have seen, these are usually unwarranted additions by the unconscious mind: "there is a wave above my head and this is a terrible thing". But such an evaluation will be warranted, and so rational, when there is a genuine good present. As we know, the only genuine good is virtue. But virtue can be the basis for an emotion, a good emotion. Thus, the good emotion of joy will be the emotion experienced by the sage when he is fully aware of his own virtue. As Seneca puts it, joy

Institute of Classical Studies 35 (1988), 84-90. Lewis, E. "The Stoics on Identity and Individuation", Phronesis 40 (1995), 89-108. Long, A. A. "The Stoics on World-Conflagration and Everlasting Recurrence", in Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 suppl. ("Spindel Conference: Recovering the Stoics", R. H. Epp (ed.)) (1985), 13-37. Mansfeld, J. "Providence and the Destruction of the Universe in Early Stoic Thought", in Studies in Hellenistic Religions, M. J, Vermaseren (ed.), 129-88 (Leiden:

121-35. For a survey of Stoicism in the Middle Ages see G. Verbeke, The Presence of Stoicism in Medieval Thought (Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1983). Note also: Ebbesen, S. "Where Were the Stoics in the Late Middle Ages?", in Stoicism: Traditions and Transformations, S. K. Strange & J. Zupko (eds), 108-31 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). Lapidge, M. "The Stoic Inheritance", in A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy, P. Dronke (ed.), 81-112

Albin Michel, 1999). Lagrée, J. Juste Lipse et la restauration du stoïcisme (Paris: Vrin, 1994). Lagrée, J. "La vertu stoïcienne de constance", in Le stoïcisme au XVIe et au XVIIe siècle, P.-F. Moreau (ed.), 94-116 (Paris: Albin Michel, 1999). Levi, A. H. T. "The Relationship of Stoicism and Scepticism: Justus Lipsius", in Humanism and Early Modern Philosophy, J. Kraye & M. W. F. Stone (eds), 91-106 (London: Routledge, 2000). Marin, M. "L'influence de Sénèque sur Juste Lipse", in Juste Lipse:

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