Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Robert C. Tucker

Language: English

Pages: 544

ISBN: 0393007383

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

“Tucker has achieved a real break-through . . . his analysis throws a flood of light into previously obscure corners. . . . Tucker with his analysis of Stalin’s personality structure has opened up an enormously promising vein of research,” ―Robert M. Slusser, American Historical Review

“This towering figure of the twentieth century has hitherto lacked a successful and full-scale biography. The publication of this first volume of a projected trilogy by Robert Tucker marks the beginning of the end of this situation.” ―Robert H. McNeal, Russian Review




















Menshevik opponents, Julius Martov and Alexander Potresov, and his future wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, a young noblewoman in­ volved in after-hours socialist activity while holding a clerical job in the railway administration. In early I 8 95 , he went abroad for four months, going first to Switzerland, where he met and made a strong impression upon Plekhanov and the latter's associate P. B. Axelrod. On his return he undertook with Martov and others to organize a "St. Petersburg Union of Struggle

attracting much attention t9 himself in this capacity. For the school officials were following practices that might seem ( if we did not know better ) deliberately designed to make rebels out of all the pupils, and the latter were responding as could have been expected. When Soso entered the school in I 8 8 8, the language of instruc­ tion was Georgian, and Russian was still taught as a foreign language. Two years later, in the heyday of the tsarist government's policy of Russification in the

Demo­ cratic activists in various places. On the night of April 5, I902, the members of the Batum Social Democratic Committee, Djugashvili included, were arrested during a committee meeting. 64 He was con­ fined in the Batum prison for more than a year and in the Kutais prison for about six months before being sent to three years of exile in an eastern Siberian village called Novaia Uda, located in Irkutsk province. He arrived there in late November I903 , escaped early in the following January,

JUGASHVI LI AS S TALIN 1 17 the basis of experiences in the Bailov prison in Baku in I go8, Si­ meon Vereshchak remembered him as someone who always had a book in his hand and was the most knowledgeable Marxist among those who led the study groups and the organized discussions to which the political prisoners devoted much of their time : Looking at that low brow and small head, you had the feeling that if you pricked it, the whole of Karl Marx's Capital would come hissing out of it like gas

Social Democratic party had originally been conceived as a non-federal association of workers of all nationalities in the Russian Empire.14 In practice, however, the Jewish Workers' Bund ( after its return to the party fold in I 906 ) and the Social Demo­ cratic organizations of Poland, Latvia, and Lithuania had enjoyed autonomy within the Russian party, introducing into the latter what a resolution of the Bolshevik conference in Prague called "a federa­ tion of the worst type." And now, in 1 9 1

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