Social Cohesion in Greater China: Challenges for Social Policy and Governance (Series on Contemporary China)
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This book critically examines the issues and challenges of social development faced by societies in Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, with particular reference to the major strategies these societies adopt to promote social cohesion and civil harmony in the context of globalization. It focuses on people who have been socially marginalized by the Asian financial crisis in 1997, and examines the measures Greater China has adopted to balance economic growth with social development. The book will be of interest to readers who wish to know more about societies in Mainland China, and the effects of globalization.
their impacts on building a harmonious society. 2. MARKET-ORIENTED REFORM, ECONOMIC MIRACLE, AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY Given the economic backwardness and poor economic performance of the state sector, the post-Mao leadership, led by Deng Xiaoping, shifted their focus on economic growth from the class struggle in the late 1978 when the reform and open-door policy were adopted. While open-door policy were adopted to attract foreign investment and advanced technology, the market-oriented reform
objective well-being and also of subjective well-being of the residents, whose criteria and judgment of social cohesion vary with the economic, political, and sociocultural specificities of the place within which they are living and on which they are drawing reference (Duhaime et al., 2004). Besides defining the scale and form of social cohesion, the intrinsic nature of social cohesion also needs critical examination. To many people, “social cohesion” used as a policy metaphor and knowledge can
Income and Distribution. Hong Kong SAR Government Printer. Chan, J and E Chan (2006). Charting the state of social cohesion in Hong Kong. The China Quarterly, 187, 635–658. b860_Chapter-04.qxd 3/15/2010 2:53 PM Page 145 A Comparison of Perceived Cohesion in Guangzhou and Hong Kong 145 Chan, J, H-P To and E Chan (2006). Reconsidering social cohesion: Developing a definition and analytical framework for empirical research. Social Indicators Research, 75, 273–302. Chin, WW, WD Salisbury, AW
research. Paper SRA-321, Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate, Department of Canadian Heritage, Ottawa. Mann, M (1970). The social cohesion of liberal democracy. American Sociological Review, 35(3), 423–439. McKenzie, R and A Silver (1968). Angels in Marble: Working Class Conservatives in Urban England. London: Heinemann. People’s Daily Online (2008a). President Hu calls for scientific development, social harmony in Uygur region, 2 October. People’s Daily Online (2008b). Premier Wen: China
growing competition. While it benefits from its integration into China’s national economy and its globalization, it encounters great difficulties in changing gear and developing new areas of economic competence. This is most evident in the HKSAR Government’s attempt of launching a mega-cultural project, namely, West Kowloon Cultural Development (WKCD) project. The *Department of Sociology, The University of Hong Kong. 149 b860_Chapter-05.qxd 3/15/2010 2:54 PM Page 150 150 Tai Lok Lui