Sexuality and Gender in the Classical World: Readings and Sources
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This volume provides essays that represent a range of perspectives on women, gender and sexuality in the ancient world, tracing the debates from the late 1960s to the late 1990s.
E R Demosthenes xix 229. Menander fr. 198. Archilochus fr. 118 (Tarditi) = 142 (Bergk). Isaeus x 25. Xenophon, AHesilaus 5. Xenophon, Memorabilia iv 5.9. Menander, Samia (Austin) 349 f. Hesiod fr. 275 (Merldbach and West). Cf. Euripides, Troades 665 f., Medea 569-575, fr. 323. I have discussed the evidence more f d y in “Eros and Nomos,” Bulletin of the Institute of Classieal Studiesx (1964), 3 1 4 2 . Xenophon, Hiero 1.33. E.g. Xenophon, Oeeonomieus 12.14, Symposium 8.21. E.g. J. D. Beazley,
become promiscuous lovers of men and adulteresses. ALL the women who have been severed from the female sex pay no attention at all to men, but rather are attracted to women; those who prefer only women belong to this category. Men severed from the male sex pursue men, and as long as they are boys - since they are slices of the male - they love men and take pleasure in embracing and reclining with men. These are the best of boys and youths, for they have the most manly nature. Figure 2 Sappho
48 may be read in a similar sense: e”1theskai m’ epothe”saseHd de s’ emaioman / on d’ ephlexas eman phrena kaiomenan pothdi, “You came and you desired me; I searched you carefully; you stirred the fires of my feeling, smoldering with desire.” ephlexas is Wesseling’s conjecture for phulaxas; m’epothe”sasis my conjecture for epoe”sas.I would support this conjecture by reference back to fragment 36, which joins p o t / and mai/, and by the symmetry achieved: you desired me - I felt you - you stirred
, n. 2), it is necessary to glance at other stories which involve t h s form of death, and in particular to look at a tradition associated with the goddess Artemis who has been granted eternal pavtheneia by her father Zeus (Callimachus, Hymn t o Avtemas, 5 ff.). Avtemas stvangled. Pausanias (8.23.6-7) tells a curious story about the origin of the epithet Apanldomene, the Strangled Lady, held by Artemis at Kaphyae in Arkada. Once some chldren tied a rope around her image during a game, and
Iphigenia and Polyxena) and where female heroic nobility in dying is used most often to offer an ironic counterpoint to masculine Reulpolitiik. See especially B. M. W. &ox, “The Medeu of Euripides,” Yule Clussieul Studies 25 (1977): 198-225, for the discussion of Medea’s “imitation” of male heroic traits. It should be stressed that I equate drama here with serious drama rather than with comic types such as satyr play and comedy itself, whose primitive elements may well have preceded the growth of