Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo (Historical Materialism)

Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo (Historical Materialism)

Language: English

Pages: 1269

ISBN: 1608465543

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Prophets Unarmed is an authoritative sourcebook on the Chinese Communist Party’s main early opposition, the Chinese Trotskyists. Opposed from Moscow by Stalin, and by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong in China, the Trotskyists were China’s most persecuted political party. Though harassed nearly out of existence their standpoints and proposals—reproduced here—are not without relevance to China’s present political moment. Drawing on dozens of oral history interviews with survivors, this study of Chinese Trotskyism is exhaustive and groundbreaking.

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Professional revolutionaries who carried out revolutionary activities and, at the same time, had to support their families were vulnerable to capture by the Guomindang. Fortunately, Chen Duxiu was a prolific writer who could live off the royalties of his writings published in 1922 by the East Asia Book Company and other royalties from new writings. At the time, however, he was writing little, for he was putting his main effort into studying Trotsky’s theories and organising the Trotskyist

Zheng Chaolin  110 Huang Jiantong  118 Du Weizhi  126 Wang Guolong, Zhou Rensheng, and Zhou Lüqiang  137 viii contents Epilogue  148 Postscript  152 Part 2 Autobiographical Accounts of Chinese Trotskyists’ Early Years Unfinished Autobiography  159 Chen Duxiu A Consciousness Awakes  172 Zheng Chaolin My First Contact With New Ideas  213 Wang Fanxi Part 3 Chinese Trotskyists in the Revolution of 1925–7 Before and After May Thirtieth  225 Zheng Chaolin Two Years at University  272 Wang Fanxi

works on classical Chinese phonology and linguistics. In his memoirs, published in his old age, Xu Enzeng, head of the Central Investigations Bureau, talked about the esteem in which members of the Guomindang ruling élite held Chen Duxiu, and their disappointment in him: He is so well read in Chinese literature, he had the traditional manners of a literatus, he had a strong national self-confidence, he made a seminal contribution to the New Culture Movement in his 1919, and even today he

of nationaldefence faction went onto the all-out offensive. Feng Xuefeng flew into something of a panic, and wanted to take steps to stem the offensive. At the time, Lu Xun was seriously ill and could neither sit up nor speak, it was not even possible to discuss with him. Just then the foolish Trotskyists, believing the rumours, thought they might be able to profit from the situation, and wrote a letter hoping to ‘draw’ Lu Xun over to their side. Lu Xun was angry when he read the letter, and Feng

was saved. By late 1940, Wang Guolong had finally recovered. Wenzhou was bleak and desolate. Wang Guolong left once again for Shanghai and ran into Peng Shuzhi. Peng persuaded him to return to Wenzhou to develop the Trotskyist organisation. Peng Shuzhi had a big plan: having parted ways with Chen Duxiu, he was now the senior person. He had played a main part in the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Committee and its Propaganda Department, but he had never fulfilled his ambition in the Trotskyist

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