Peking Opera (Cultural China Series)
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Since its ironical origins from South China, and not Beijing, the Peking Opera is the most popular form of Chinese entertainment. The author gives information on the Peking Opera¡¯s makeup, music and acting techniques. It also has biographies of renowned Peking Opera performers and its two-centuries-old history. With b&w and color photos.
Guan Sushuang (dan At the sixtieth anniversary of role), Ye Shenglan (xiao sheng role), and Qiu Shengrong his stage life, Zhang Junqiu and Yuan Shihai (painted face). Younger artists added luster to the stage at the time. They included dan players Du Jinfang, Yan Huizhu, Yun Yanming, Xue Yanqin, Li Yuru, Tong Zhiling, Zhao Rongchen, Li Shiji and Li Huiyang, and lao sheng players Li Hezeng, Tan Yuanshou and Ma Changli. Active today on the stage is a new crop of artists, graduates of opera
Peking Opera needed to have a proper environment. And old Beijing provided just such an environment. The Yanshou Temple Street south of present-day Hepingmen reflects the life of old Beijing. It is a largely deserted small street today. But in the 1930s and 1940s, the street, which was about 250 meters long, was flanked by more than 100 shops, of which seven sold condiments, six food grains, six breakfast, six pork, four mutton and four general merchandise. In addition, there were shops for
Lanfang put on some modern- her simpleton husband). During the Second World War, theme plays which revealed the a new play titled Three Campaigns against the Zujiazhuang oppression of Chinese women. Village (san da zhu jia zhuang), which is based on The Water Margin, was staged to inspire people in their resistance Picture shows Mei in one of the plays. Photo by courtesy of Mei Lanfang Museum. P eking Opera against Japanese aggression. But there had been no large-scale performance of
evening. For example, a block of stone pointed to The Yanyang Building (yan yang lou) and a big P eking Opera 22 Inside of an old-style theater in Beijing. spear Battling Down-sliding Chariots (tiao hua che). A Women were conspicuously absent heap of weapons of different kinds indicated that the among both the performers and the audience, showing that women at the evening’s last play would be Havoc in Heaven (nao tian time were not allowed to either perform gong). The weapons were
of table and chairs on the stage between acts by a group of checkers in full view of the audience was abolished. Four Roles of Sheng, Dan, Jing and Chou Peking Opera features “character categorization.” In accordance with gender and disposition, characters are divided into four basic roles: sheng (male character type), dan (female character type), jing (character type with a painted face), and chou (a clown). Each role type comes with its own subdivision. Sheng is a grown-up male. It can be