Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)

Historical Dictionary of Marxism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)

Elliott Johnson, Daniel Gray

Language: English

Pages: 608

ISBN: 144223797X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Marxism covers of the basics of Karl Marx’s thought, the philosophical contributions of later Marxist theorists, and the extensive real-world political organizations and structures his work inspired—that is, the myriad political parties, organizations, countries, and leaders who subscribed to Marxism as a creed.

This text includes a chronology, an introductory essay, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, both thinkers and doers; political parties and movements; and major communist or ex-communist countries. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Marxism.














immediately undertook further moves that signaled its adherence to Marxism–Leninism. Foreign-owned businesses were taken into state control, industry and agriculture were nationalized, and measures to undermine the authority of the church introduced. To accomplish this, the government initiated a number of campaigns, chiefly against “feudalism” in the majority countryside. This amounted to the replacing of regional leaders, who remained in power from the colonial era, with party approved

number of pieces for the Frankfurt Institute for Social Research journal. Benjamin traveled extensively, particularly after leaving Berlin when the Nazis came to power, and lived for a time in Paris, ending his days in Port Bou, Spain. Significant in his travels was a trip to Moscow in 1926–27 that stimulated an already existing interest in Soviet cultural life and prompted a number of articles on the topic. Benjamin’s most important writings include his Origin of German Tragic Drama (1925), The

competitive, aggressive nature characteristic of human beings in capitalist society will be replaced by a communist consciousness that will allow people to live in harmony with one another. 06-395_02_A-K.qxd 9/19/06 1:45 PM Page 61 COMMUNIST MANIFESTO • 61 In his Critique of the Gotha Programme (1875) Marx distinguished between a higher and a lower phase of communism. In the latter there would still persist certain elements from capitalist society, including payment for work, while in the

fervent and committed Marxist–Leninist. SassouNguesso initially presided over a leftist renewal, increasing PRC ties with Cuba, and announcing a new constitution that reaffirmed and institutionalized Marxism–Leninism as the country’s ideological foundation. The constitution also promised huge public sector growth, further nationalization, and the introduction of an elected legislature, the National People’s Congress, as well as democratic regional and local councils. The reality, though, was

essentially a clarification of scientific socialism, specifically a commentary upon the contradiction between the forces of production and the relations of production in preparation for Critique of Political Economy and Capital and was described by Karl Marx as the “result of fifteen years of research, thus the best period of my life.” The title was given when the Marx–Engels–Lenin Institute published the books in 1939, as were the chapter names and breaks. The Grundrisse is a difficult read

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