Governance and Politics of China, Second Edition (Comparative Government and Politics)

Governance and Politics of China, Second Edition (Comparative Government and Politics)

Language: English

Pages: 408

ISBN: 1403921849

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Over the past 20 years change in China has been breathtaking. Reform has affected every facet of life and has left no policy and institution untouched. Now available in a substantially revised second edition covering the changes of the Sixteenth Party Congress and Tenth National People's Congress and other recent developments this major text by a leading academic authority, who has also lived and worked in China, provides a thorough introduction to all aspects of politics and governance in post-Mao China.

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the NPC to increase their resources and to accord them the same kind of privileges that have been given to the coastal areas. This the centre consistently refused to allow until the mid-1990s when the leadership became more worried about regional inequality as a source of instability. Even with the 1994 reforms that were designed to guarantee Beijing’s revenues, it is clearly the case that richer provinces turn over far less of their surplus to the centre than previously. The concentration of FDI

control the provinces and there is considerable evidence that the localities can also devise irrational development plans. The fiscal inequalities have also led to enormous variation in the provision of public goods and services. The main systemic incentive at the present time is for local governments to stress revenue mobilization at the expense of Governance Beyond the Centre 171 other distributional and growth objectives (Park et al., 1996, p. 752). As Park and his colleagues (p. 751) have

market economy’ while the phrase of ‘Chinese-style socialism’ has been used to cover a multitude of policies that are difficult to describe as conventionally socialist. While Chinese society has become less ideological and even more pluralistic, CCP ideology sets limits on how far reform can go. Party leadership has retained its commitment throughout the reform period to socialism however much the definition of its content may have changed. The reforms have not been intended to introduce either

Decision’, further radicalizing the political atmosphere 1967 February, ‘Revolutionary rebels’ announce the establishment of the Shanghai commune; Mao rejects it 1969 March, Soviet and Chinese forces clash along the Ussuri River April, Ninth Party Congress marks the return to top-down rebuilding of party and state 1970 August, Second Plenum of the Ninth CC reveals leadership divisions and subsequently Chen Boda is purged as a ‘sham Marxist’ 1971 September, Lin Biao’s plane crashes in Mongolia

This stand-off was resolved only with the purge of Lin Biao and five other members of the Politburo in 1971 (see Teiwes and Sun, 1996; Jin, 1999). The purge brought to the fore divisions in the PLA between the regional commanders and the leaders of the centrally directed units, and between those who favoured a professional, military role for the PLA and those who favoured a more political role. Powerful regional commanders in the Politburo did not rally to Lin’s side, not only because it was

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