Existential Utopia: New Perspectives on Utopian Thought
Michael Marder, Patricia Vieira
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Radical political thought of the 20th century was dominated by utopia, but the failure of communism in Eastern Europe and its disavowal in China has brought on the need for a new model of utopian thought. This book thus seeks to redefine the concept of utopia and bring it to bear on today's politics.
The original essays, contributed by key thinkers such as Gianni Vattimo and Jean-Luc Nancy, highlight the connection between utopian theory and practice. The book reassesses the legacy of utopia and conceptualizes alternatives to the neo-liberal, technocratic regimes prevalent in today's world. It argues that only utopia in its existential sense, grounded in the lived time and space of politics, can distance itself from mainstream ideology and not be at the service of technocratic regimes, while paying attention to the material conditions of human life.
Existential Utopia offers a new and exciting interpretation of utopia in contemporary culture and a much-needed intervention into the philosophical and political discussion of utopian thinking that is both accessible to students and comprehensive.
recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of the publishers. EISBN: 978-1-4411-0051-1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Existential utopia : new perspectives on utopian thought / edited by Patrícia Vieira and Michael Marder. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN-13: 978- 0-8264-2072-5 (hbk. : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8264-2072-9 (hbk. : alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-1-4411- 6921-1 (pbk. : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 1-4411- 6921- 0 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1.
human knowledge of the immutable hierarchy of ends. From an existential point of view, however, failure is not equated to negativity, given that it betokens the non-actualization of possibilities, which does not preclude their efficaciousness in the existential reality of Dasein.6 If, following Novalis, reality is the aggregate of temporal possibilities, then some of these will surface at the expense of others in a dynamic aleatory process, devoid of prior determinations, that weaves the fabric
history strives toward a telos to be fulfilled in accordance with the logic of actualization, while failure stands for a merely temporary setback on this path. But a consideration of history from the standpoint of existence discloses that failure is an integral part of its becoming, where historical experiments reconfiguring the world in radically new ways lead to unpredictable outcomes. The recent controversies surrounding the fate of the Euro and, by extension, of the European Union, aptly
outside-place of community as such—I mean the community presented insofar as the “common” is not given or founded upon a certain principle, that is, when the community is not or when it is no longer the body or the conglomeration of a family or an empire. As the representation of progress— still relatively foreign to the epoch of Thomas More— became established, utopia went through a slow movement of torsion to adjust to a different understanding of time. Instead of being that which happens
initial goal .19 I am proposing this not simply as a goal within rich countries, but as a long-term goal globally. I would envision most of the redistribution of wealth to take place gradually through progressive taxation, a redistribution that would give people a chance to adjust to changes that, in some cases, would be quite radical (Kohonen and Mestrum). A second policy of economic equality is that every individual should receive a basic income indexed to the cost of living and set