Eating Bitterness: New Perspectives on China's Great Leap Forward and Famine (Contemporary Chinese Studies)

Eating Bitterness: New Perspectives on China's Great Leap Forward and Famine (Contemporary Chinese Studies)

Kimberley Ens Manning, Felix Wemheuer

Language: English

Pages: 333

ISBN: 2:00076502

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in 1949, Mao Zedong declared that "not even one person shall die of hunger." Yet some 30 million peasants died of starvation and exhaustion during the Great Leap Forward. Eating Bitterness reveals how men and women in rural and urban settings, from the provincial level to the grassroots, experienced the changes brought on by the party leaders' attempts to modernize China. This landmark volume lifts
the curtain of party propaganda to expose the suffering of citizens and the deeply-contested nature of state-society relations in Maoist China.

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Empress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern China

Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Poems Collection of Chen Houshan (Chinese classical literature series) (中国古典文学基本丛书:后山诗注补笺)




















food crisis, Beijing adopted the following four measures. First, China was to continue to export grain. In 1958, China exported 2.66 million tons of grain. In 1959, exports suddenly increased to 4.15 million tons, and in November alone 1.88 billion jin of grain were exported. This 400 million jin totalled more than the total fourth quarter exports of 1.5 billion jin and set a new record for grain exports. In 1960, exports were expected to reach 2.72 million tons (actual grain exports that year

for poison. The Institute of Physiology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences tested the nutritional content of powdered acorn and rice straw and found that there was basically no nutritional value to these foods. The latest research results from the Organic Chemical Research Institute at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Biochemical Research Institute, and the Chinese Medical Academy of Science showed that the nutritional value of rice straw, corn stalks, corn pith, and corn straw was very low:

people were mobilized during the Great Leap, as is so evident in Wang Yanni’s chapter. Nor is it to embrace the CCP’s official explanation of the famine: that lower-level leaders were responsible for much of the excess and violence while the central government was responsible for setting the incorrect strategy of the Great Leap Forward. But it is to suggest that we might be well served to apply a longer and more textured view of the institutionalization of the grassroots Party structure. The fact

been produced more slowly and in smaller quantities, similarly extolled the innovations and achievements of the Great Leap in a fervour of revolutionary and sentimental romanticism. This chapter focuses on three texts from the early stages of the Great Leap: the definitive collection of “new folk songs,” Red Flag Ballads, and two stories by leading practitioners of village fiction in the Mao era – Hao Ran and Li Zhun. A reading of these texts demonstrates the ways in which literature was intended

state had widespread public support.21 Compared to the land reform or the campaign against counterrevolutionaries, the Socialist Education Campaign attacked statements rather than a particular and clearly defined group of people. The outcome of the campaign shows that it was very difficult to clearly define the campaign’s targeted enemies. The Central Committee ordered that peasants and workers not be labelled as rightists. And this, perhaps, is the main reason why the Socialist Education

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