Does the 21st Century Belong to China?: The Munk Debate on China (The Munk Debates)
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In this edition of The Munk Debates — Canada’s premier international debate series — former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and CNN’s Fareed Zakaria square off against leading historian Niall Ferguson and world-renowned Chinese economist David Daokui Li to debate the biggest geopolitical issue of our time: Does the 21st century belong to China?
Highly electrifying and thoroughly engrossing, the Munk Debate on China is the first formal public debate Dr. Kissinger has participated in on China’s future, and this volume includes exclusive interviews with Kissinger and Li.
demand that authoritarian and corrupt leaders leave the scene. Now, the parallels between the Arab world and China are far from perfect. China is a mature society, the Arab world is young. China has created hundreds of millions of jobs, Arab governments have not. But China, like the Arab world, tolerates almost no dissent, and again, like the Arab world, there is growing income inequality within China. So my question is, as China is about to undergo a leadership transition,5 will there be growing
United States are bumbling. We have managed to bumble our way through a rather advanced position despite the challenges from the Kaiser’s Germany, from the Soviet Union, from Nazi Germany, and I think what you will find is that the United States — North America, even — are creating an extraordinary model in this new world. We are becoming the first universal nation, a country that draws people from all parts of the world, people of all colours, creeds, and religions, and finds a way to harness
in the 19th century when Europeans were beginning to invade China, but it harkens back to more ancient Chinese tradition. The fundamental difference between the Chinese and Western approach to strategy is that the Western approach is aimed at the capability of the other side; the Chinese is aimed at the psychology of the other side. So they pay a lot of attention to intangibles of hospitality, forms of dealing with the interlocutor. JOHN GEIGER: Economic power and geopolitical influence
demands from individuals for an opening, more democracy, improved and enhanced human rights? Will that likely affect China? DAVID LI: Well, with economic development, with improvements in living standards, it is natural, it is good, that people are demanding more freedom in expressing themselves, more freedom in participating in public issues and decisions. That’s natural. That has been there despite any developments outside China. This is good. And these will to some extent — and is perhaps
say you have to be patient. China’s economic emergence is only thirty-three years old. For a large country it has made progress [compared to] Western countries, perhaps in the last 150 years. It’s already huge progress, and innovation takes time. Innovation takes years of education of young people, it takes years of establishment of supporting institutions such as venture capital, private equity, so on and so forth. This is gradually coming. I do see among our students that urge to innovate,