Chinese Foreign Relations: Power and Policy Since the Cold War (3rd Edition)

Chinese Foreign Relations: Power and Policy Since the Cold War (3rd Edition)

Robert G. Sutter

Language: English

Pages: 447

ISBN: B00Y34462C

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

China is rightly considered an emerging power in world affairs as Chinese leaders, backed by growing economic and military strength, engage in innovative diplomatic approaches that pave the way for China's international role. But this is only part of the story of China s rise. As Robert G. Sutter shows in this meticulous and balanced assessment, the record of twists and turns in Chinese foreign relations since the end of the Cold War highlights a very different perspective. Domestic problems, nationalism, and security concerns continue to preoccupy Beijing, complicating China's influence and innovations in foreign affairs. On the international front, the actions of other powerful nations and growing dependence on the world economy complicate as well as enhance China s advance to international prominence. Newly revised, this edition features more extensive treatment of China s role in the international economy and greater discussion of its relations with the developing world. Providing a comprehensive introduction to Chinese foreign relations, Sutter shows Chinese leaders exerting growing influence in world affairs but remaining far from dominant. Facing numerous contradictions and trade-offs, they move cautiously to avoid major confrontations, costly commitments, or mistakes that could undermine their one-party rule as they deal with an international environment posing numerous challenges as well as opportunities for Chinese interests."

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international economics and global governance start with the judgment that both China’s future international role and the stability of the administration led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) depend heavily on healthy growth of the Chinese economy. This in turn depends on the overall health of the world economy and on the Chinese administration’s effective implementation of reforms 11_517_Sutter.indb 88 12/15/11 7:36 AM China’s Role in the World Economy and International Governance 89

China’s economically important eastern coastline. Apart from conflict over Taiwan, they are designed to deal with a range of so-called local war possibilities. These could involve territorial disputes with Japan, Southeast Asian countries, or India or instability requiring military intervention in Korea. Meanwhile, the Chinese military plays a direct role in Chinese foreign policy, which seeks to spread Chinese international influence, reassure neighboring countries and others of Chinese

policymakers, the former goal requires the large-scale buildup of Chinese military forces directed at Taiwan and the United States and others, like Japan, which might possibly get involved in a military conflict over Taiwan. And it requires periodic assertions by China of its determination to use forceful means to prevent Taiwan’s independence. These actions have alarmed leaders from Taiwan, the United States, Japan, and a number of other countries. They have shown that the accommodating

1987, greater democracy emerged on the island. With it came a rising sentiment in favor of greater separation from the mainland and a more prominent and distinctive role for Taiwan in world affairs. At first, Chinese leaders judged that the concurrent growth in cross-strait trade and other exchanges would hold these Taiwanese sentiments in check, but gradually they became seriously concerned about a perceived movement toward political independence and deeply suspicious not only of avowed

independence and eventually to create momentum for reunification. Underlying Beijing’s response to the new situation in Taiwan was a fundamental lack of trust in Chen. Beijing perceived that he and the DPP ultimately wanted Taiwan’s separation from the mainland to become permanent. China perceived that it had to block this objective.16 11_517_Sutter.indb 157 12/15/11 7:36 AM 158 Chapter 7 Beijing appeared reasonably satisfied as Taiwan became mired in a serious economic downturn and saw

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