China Turns to Multilateralism: Foreign Policy and Regional Security (Routledge Contemporary China)
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China’s recent rapid economic growth has drawn global attention to its foreign policy, which increasingly has had an impact on world politics. In contrast with China’s long-standing preference for bilateralism or unilateralism in foreign policy, recent decades have seen changes in the PRC’s attitude and in its declaratory and operational policies, with a trend toward the accepting and advocating of multilateralism in international affairs. Whilst China’s involvement has been primarily in the economic arena, for example, participation in the World Trade Organization and ASEAN Plus Three, it has more recently expanded into international security institutions, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
This book records, analyzes, and attempts to conceptualize, this phenomenal development in Chinese foreign policy and its impact on international relations, with the emphasis on China’s active participation in multilaterally-oriented regional security regimes. Written by an impressive team of international scholars, this book is the first collective effort in the field of China studies and international relations to look at China’s recent turn to multilateralism in foreign affairs. It will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese politics and foreign policy, security studies and international relations.
initiatives represent a regional intensification of this trend. Indeed, changing trade patterns have profound security externalities. Consistent with Hirschman’s analysis of interwar Germany, the strategic use of economic multilateralism by contemporary China seems designed to cultivate interdependence with smaller countries as a means of enhancing its political power. Consistent with this interpretation, another purpose of China’s efforts at regionalism may be to balance against US power. In the
Cupitt, Seema Gahlaut, and Scott A. Jones, To Supply or To Deny: Comparing Nonproliferation Export Controls in Five Key Countries, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2003, pp. 117–42. Davis, Jonathan E., Export Controls in the People’s Republic of China 2005, Athens, GA: Center for International Trade and Security, University of Georgia, 2005. 68 J.-D. Yuan Economy, Elizabeth, “The Impact of International Regimes on Chinese Foreign PolicyMaking: Broadening Perspectives and Policies . . . But
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remarkable passivity toward the pan-regional or sub-regional multilateralism in this part of the world, while China’s almost suddenly emerged “energy obsession” is complicating her external relations, raising the possibility of friction, excessive competition, or confrontation between her and some of her neighbours. All of these are definitely unfavourable to the creating, fostering, and developing of security multilateralism in East Asia. Another problem that negatively influenced China’s active
the Council of Heads of State that holds regular sessions once a year. Below it there are the Council of Heads of Government, the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and the Conference of Heads of Agencies. All these are basically meeting mechanisms. In addition, there is the Council of National Coordinators that coordinates and manages the daily activities of the organization and makes preparation for the meetings of other councils. SCO also has two permanent agencies: the Secretariat and