China and the World since 1945: An International History (The Making of the Contemporary World)
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The emergence of China as a dominant regional power with global influence is a significant phenomenon in the twenty-first century. Its origin could be traced back to 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party under Mao Zedong came to power and vowed to transform China and the world. After the ‘century of humiliation’, China was in constant search of a new identity on the world stage. From alliance with the Soviet Union in the 1950s, China normalized relations with America in the 1970s and embraced the global economy and the international community since the 1980s. This book examines China’s changing relations with the two superpowers, Asian neighbours, Third World countries, and European powers.
China and the World since 1945 offers an overview of China’s involvement in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, Sino-American rapprochement, the end of the Cold War, and globalization. It assess the roles of security, ideology, and domestic politics in Chinese foreign policy and provides a synthesis of the latest archival-based research on China’s diplomatic history and Cold War international history
This engaging new study examines the rise of China from a long-term historical perspective and will be essential to students of Chinese history and contemporary international relations.
by 29 newly independent Asian, African, and Middle Eastern countries. In response to the globalization and militarization of the Cold War, the ﬁve Colombo powers, the conference sponsors, hoped to 38 Peaceful coexistence cultivate goodwill and cooperation among the participating nations and to promote world peace. Accepting the invitation with great enthusiasm, China saw Bandung as a good opportunity to improve relations with its Asian neighbours suspicious of Beijing’s territorial
phase of European imperialism in 1897–8 during which China was divided into spheres of economic and political inﬂuence by the Western powers. The year 1900 marked the climax of foreign humiliation of China: in response to the anti-foreign Boxer Rebellion, eight Western powers including Japan launched a joint expedition to Beijing, killing the Boxers, looting Chinese national treasures, and extracting heavy indemnities from a state that was on the brink of economic bankruptcy. Foreign aggression
Mao badges to classes. In late June the Burmese government took steps to suppress the Chinese students’ activities. The Chinese schools and the Chinese Embassy in Rangoon came under attack by local mobs, during which a dozen Chinese were killed. In response, the MFA protested in the strongest terms possible to the Burmese government, and as many as 1 million Chinese people laid siege to the Burmese Embassy in Beijing for four consecutive days. Anti-Chinese protests, in turn, erupted in several
calls for restraint. In the process, the oﬃce building was largely gutted by ﬁre, and the Chargé d’Aﬀaire’s house was ransacked. The 23 hostages (diplomats and their wives), having suﬀered humiliation and harassment at the hands of the radical mobs, eventually escaped to safety without serious injuries, thanks to the involvement of the Beijing Garrison Command under Zhou’s orders.21 The manner in which the British oﬃce was attacked and destroyed shocked Zhou and even Mao. Upon receiving the news,
by ‘cold politics and hot economics’.16 On the one hand, the history textbook issue, repeated visits by Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi to the Yasukuni Shrine, and the dispute over the Diaoyu Islands hampered political relations. On the other hand, China and Japan became economically interdependent in terms of trading and investment. In the mid-2000s, Sino-Japanese relations were strained due to a mix of international and domestic factors: the rise of China and the resurgence of Japan’s