Anti-Badiou: The Introduction of Maoism into Philosophy
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This compelling and highly original book represents a confrontation between two of the most radical thinkers at work in France today: Alain Badiou and the author, François Laruelle.
At face value, the two have much in common: both espouse a position of absolute immanence; both argue that philosophy is conditioned by science; and both command a pluralism of thought. Anti-Badiou relates the parallel stories of Badiou's Maoist 'ontology of the void' and Laruelle's own performative practice of 'non-philosophy' and explains why the two are in fact radically different. Badiou's entire project aims to re-educate philosophy through one science: mathematics. Laruelle carefully examines Badiou's Being and Event and shows how Badiou has created a new aristocracy that crowns his own philosophy as the master of an entire theoretical universe. In turn, Laruelle explains the contrast with his own non-philosophy as a true democracy of thought that breaks philosophy's continual enthrall with mathematics and instead opens up a myriad of 'non-standard' places where thinking can be found and practised.
but oppose itself confrontationally to another) is an insufficient defense. We still need a principle of the defensive ultimatum that would “found” all of our axioms, or give them that type of weak force that hinders the strong force. This principle is simply that we have no other means of struggle at our disposal, the adversary having already used the whole arsenal, cornering us in retrenchments that, as far as we know, may be “our” last. With this tabula rasa of the ontology of the void, he
production, FP and RP (under RP). There is a fusion of the Set as FP and of Being as RP. This flattening is a simple identification and an ontological translation of set-theoreticism, and here we see at work the flatness of materialist equalities. On the contrary, the quantum version of this equation posits its members as superposable and as non-commutative, but not as planes. NP substitutes for the mathematical equation mathematics = ontology their fusion or superposition. 2 But this
representation, but specific theorems or axioms that come to be lodged in the “difference” One/Multiple or One/Void. It is not a difference that would be a mixture; it is the philosophically materialist immanence that detaches itself from the One or subtracts itself from the One of presence, supporting itself upon axioms or theorems. Mathematics itself does not determine philosophy, but simply, like the infinite, subtracts it from its concept. Meta-ontological decision is the custodian of
immanence in turn. But there is no repetition or doublet of immanence—its superposition, its “resumption,” will be something entirely other. On the other hand, for transcendence, there is necessarily a repetition. The two elements of philosophy do not play at the same game and do not have the same “destiny” (Kant). Given the mixed structure of this space of philosophy—immanence and transcendence, but also identity and difference, the internal and alterity—two extreme and apparently
supposes an external philosophy using its authority and the PSP, and which does not achieve immanence, but conserves the religious background. A fortiori Badiou is a great director and manipulator of knowledges. It will be a matter (again, otherwise) of knowing if one philosophizes with Saint Paul—an authoritarian and a volunteer keen to become the Master of Christians (or, respectively, of the philosophical Church) or if one philosophizes with Christ; with the copy or with the original, we might