A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1

A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1

Language: English

Pages: 491

ISBN: 3662442566

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A History of Chinese Science and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & 3) presents 44 individual lectures, beginning with Ancient Chinese Science and Technology in the Process of Human Civilizations and an Overview of Chinese Science and Technology, and continuing with in-depth discussions of several issues in the History of Science and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with topics on Astronomy, Arithmetic, Agriculture and Medicine, The Four Great Inventions, and various technological areas closely related to clothing, food, shelter and transportation.
This book is the most authoritative work on the history of Chinese Science and Technology. It is the Winner of the China Book Award, the Shanghai Book Award (1st prize), and the Classical China International Publishing Project (GAPP, General Administration of Press and Publication of China) and offers an essential resource for academic researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a series of 44 lectures presented to top Chinese leaders, which received very positive feedback. Written by top Chinese scholars in their respective fields from the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences and many other respected Chinese organizations, the book is intended for scientists, researchers and postgraduate students working in the history of science, philosophy of science and technology, and related disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), and Vice Chairman of the National Congress of China.

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organized by Yi Xing and Nangong Shuo in the Tang Dynasty, the water-powered armillary sphere and celestial globe tower manufactured by Su Song and Han Gonglian in the Song Dynasty, calendar revision and flood control by Guo shoujing in the Yuan Dynasty, and compilation of Chongzhen Almanac by Xu Guangqi in the Ming Dynasty. Su Song was born into a courtiers family and was a third-degree candidate in the national civil service examination, together with Wang anshi the famous premier of the

interspersed with the knowledge systems of Astronomy, Arithmetic, Agriculture, and Medicine, “The Four Great Inventions,” as well as various technological areas closely related to clothing, food, shelter, and transportation. Mostly delivered by well-known experts of various expertise from IHNS, Chinese Academy of Science, the 44 lectures also involve noted scholars of relevant fields from other units. The series are rich in content, systematic, and comprehensive, with objective argumentation, and

of Spirit, manufactured the “sphere-heavens instrument rotated by dripping water” for demonstrating celestial phenomena, and the “Seismoscope” for forecasting earth quakes (as shown in Fig. 6). The sphere-heavens theory: The sphere-heavens theory became the dominating model of the universe in ancient China ever since. 70 X. Jiang Fig. 6  A photo of the restored Seismoscope 1.4.3 The Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties The asterism system got finalized. Chen Zhuo, a leading heavenly

Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches. He derived: In the evening of the geng-wu day and in the morning of the xin-wei day, there will be dark clouds in the sky; the death in the direction of Xin ought to happen within 2 days. Both gen and wei dominate the Qin state, and xin is a tribe in the west. Now Yao Xing lives in Xianyang, and the Mars enters the state Qin.” All the men present got angry, and they said: “When a planet disappears in the sky, how can a human being know its implication? He is

not examine itself, heaven displays strange omens to exhort it; if it does not adjust itself, then defeats and failures will come” (Book of Han—Biography of Dong Zhongshu). All the natural disasters are said to be warnings from heaven; people must criticize themselves and pray to the heaven for forgiveness, in order to get rid of calamities and bring down blessings. (1.5) Theory of natural phenomena. In Xining years of the Song Dynasty, several destructive earthquakes took place, and the

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