A Dictionary of Marxist Thought

A Dictionary of Marxist Thought

Language: English

Pages: 664

ISBN: 0631180826

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Part dictionary and part encyclopedia, this book has become the standard reference work on the concepts of Marxism and the individuals and schools of thought that have subsequently contributed to the body of Marxist ideas.

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everything found within it* {Grundrisse, Introduction). The tension is clearly visible in Engels's well-known letteY to Bloch (21 September 1890): 'The economic situation is the basis, but the various elements of the superstructure . . . also exercise their influence upon the course of events . . . and in many cases preponderate in determining their form. There is an interaction in which, amid the endless host of accidents, the economic movement finally asserts itself as necessary'. In his

and Stalinism'. Glucksmann, Andre 1972: 'A Ventriloquist Structuralism'. Thompson, E. P. 1978: I he Poverty of Theory. NORMAN CKRAS analytical Marxism A term given to theoretical approaches which use contemporary methodologies of philosophy and social science to reconsider Marxist propositions about society. In contrast to theories such as Althusser's, analytical Marxism denies that Marxism is defined by its distinctive method. Its practitioners' central interest is to determine whether

period of re-education under this dictatorship, based on Paris. Ultimately, under communism, there would be an 'absence of government' (quoted by Bernstein, J 971, p. 312). Marx and Engels greatly admired Blanqui as a courageous revolutionary leader. They allied themselves briefly with his supporters in 1850 (Ryazanov 1928) and in 1871-2, following the Paris Commune, before which Marx had tried unsuccessfully to draw Blanqui into the First International. However, they rejected the conspiratorial

appropriate to an economy of could not be dismissed as mere deception; what an onymous commodity-exchange {Capital I, was needed was to comprehend the conditions Cn - 1, last section). Engels was pursuing the out of which it emerged. Mass misery in the Sa me idea when he contrasted Lutheranism Roman empire, with no hope of material relief, A monopoly- Within Marxist economics, the Tminant tradition originating with HILFERDING . developed by Kalecki, Steindl, Baran and c" eezy, makes exactly this

by the capitalist ^ode of production. According to Marx and Lenin the growth of capitalist relations of pro- 91 duction gradually leads to the demise of the feudal mode of production in agriculture, and although small-scale peasant farming may persist over many decades during a transition period, the peasantry will eventually polarize into wage labourers and large-scale capitalist farmers employing wage labour. As Marx and Lenin acknowledged, this process did lead in Europe to some development

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